The piece will evaluate Turkey's climate and energy policies as reflected in the 2015 G20's sustainability agenda from the perspective of state policies, the G20 negotiations and the perspectives and demands of civil society.
With the contributions of Didem Demircan, Güven Sak, Menekşe Kızıldere and Catherine Long, we would like to remind the reader about the important issues from the Turkish Presidency in 2015 and shed some light on this years meeting. We hope you'll enjoy reading their analyses.
The path dependency of Turkey has increased and the alternatives have diminished. Furthermore, the foreign policy has lost its strategical quality, depth and maneuverability in the turbulence created by the ideological and domestically biased political decisions, which are compounded due to the Syrian issue. It seems that after all these interventions, Turkey has become a passive rather than an active player, although it continues to be a party to the discussions thanks to its geopolitical importance.
Iraq has been at the top of the list of Middle Eastern nations torn apart by violent wars for many years. In 2014, the conflict engulfed Iraqi Kurdistan, one of the region's more stable areas. The unremitting battles and conflicts in Iraq made headlines on the first day of 2014, when the police of the Shiite Maliki government organized a bloody raid to the home of the Sunnite MP Ahmed al-Alwani.
The question of whether or not the foreign policy pursued during the AKP (Justice and Democracy Party) era signifies rupture has long been debated. Particularly in the aftermath of the Mavi Marmara incident, many have sought to give an answer to the question if there has been an ‘axis shift’ in Turkish foreign policy.